EASTERN PART OF MONGOLIA
1. Chinggis Khan's Birthplace -Khentii Province
2. Dornod Province
3. Sukhbaatar Province
DORNOD PROVINCE IN EASTERN PART OF MONGOLIA
HOW TO GET: by jeep 830 km & 21 hours drivem 1 night & 2 days drive
Dornod is vast grassy steppe lasting 570-600 kms in length, and it is surrounded by Khentii Mountain range in western side and by Khayngan Mountains in the east. Dornod province has an area of 123,600 square kilometers and borders Russia on its north side and China on its east and southeastern sides. Eastern population is comprised of a range of ethnic groups, including Khalkh, Buriad, Barga and Uzemchin. Eastern part of Mongolia is rich with beautiful national parks and as well as with historical remains: specially from wars before World War-II.
Toson Khulstai National Park
Surrounding area of Toson Hulstai Lake (4700km2 areas) was taken into reservation in 1998 as the main reservation for white antelopes to grow. This is just 60 kms west of Choibalsan town and the closest national park. Annually app. 5000-6000 antelopes are counted and protected by national park people. There are scarce herbals such as prickled roses, orchids and Siberian stipa gobica among popular herbs and plants of 25 kinds and 80 species. Also, there are scarce kinds of cranes, steppe bustards and hedgehogs.
Mongol Daguur Nature Reserve area
In 1992 Daguur Mountain's area was reserved with purposes of protecting the wild nature, steppe, water and swampy areas where flora and fauna especially passing and aquatic birds inhabit and conducting researches and studies. It is also main point for the international network areas of protecting Northeast Asian cranes. The Nature reserve area covers 103000 hectares of land including hills, mountains and valleys. It is home for black, white and other kinds of scarce cranes which inhabited in Northeast Asia and lay their eggs here and gather in large number during passing.
Dornod Mongolia National Park
Eastern steppe area (Dornod Mongoliin Tal) National park is eastablished in 1992 with the purpose of protecting Hyalganat ecosystem (feather grassy field), which did not change its system in last 1000 years, and second, to protect one of the greatest wildlife sights in Central Asia-the massive herds of Mongolian Gazelle (Procarpa gutturosa). This is dry steppe, unspoiled by man. Herds of Mongolian gazelles up to 70,000 strongly migrate through this national park annually and it is the exact park area for exploring wildlife in Mongolia.
There are sand hills and beautiful legendary mountains in the reserved land. In addition there are 153 flora species and 26 kinds of mammals, of which 2 have been registered in the Red Book. Moreover, some scarce birds like falcons fly through the area during passing.
Yahi Lake National Park
This area was taken into preotected area in 1998 with purposes of protecting white antelopes and aquatic birds pass, which is habiting for 251000 hectares of land in Mongolian lowest altitude area. The national park is a paradise for the birdwatchers and wildlife watchers and nature lovers. There is a chance to see animals such as white antelopes, wolves, marmots and steppe fox, migratory and sedentary birds like bird of prey and vultures, rocky hills, valleys and mountains.
Another good place for birdwatching is Khaichiin Tsagaan Nuur lake. It is one of the lakes, which lies in the basic of the Ulz river, near to the confluence of the Ulz with the Duch River. At the lake, rare birds listed in the International Red Book and Red Book of Mongolian such as White-naped Crane, Siberian Crane, Whooper Swan, Little Whimbrel and others have been recorded.
Nomrog Mountain National Park
This national park area covers 311.2 thousand hectares of land in woody and steppe regions of Hyangan Mountain ranges along the border. It was established as park in 1992 with purposes of protecting the endagered flora and fauna, as well as watersheds area. It is home for some scarce species of reindeers, snakes, moles, otters, brown bears, wild ducks, eagles, falcons, cranes and condors.
Khukh Nuur - Blue Lake Nature Reserve
Blue lake is lowest point of Mongolia and is a deep body of salty water covering an area of 95 square kilometers. Ir abounds in many rare animals, birds and plants. In the vicinity of this laki is the lowest point in Mongolia: 552 meters above sea level. The beautiful view, specially in winter time, is explored in the reserve area.
Buir Lake Nature Reserve
Buir Nuur is not only a very beautiful lake also the largest on east Mongolia, being 21 kilometers wide, 40 kilometers long and covering 615 square kilometers. 3-5 m high sand dyke was formed from surf on southern bank of the lake and in-between them small lakes were formed some of which connected to the largest body of water. Khalkh river flows into the lake and Orshuun river flows out of the lake, so thicket of willows and sugar canes were grown alongside the lake. The lake water, which is rich of hydro-carbonate, sodium chloride and calcium, is indeed very fresh and clear.
The lake is home to Mirror Carp, Taimen, Chub, Lenok, Amur Graying, Pike, Khadary, Silver Carp, Amur Catfish, Burbot, Whitefish, and Golden Carp. A fishery is developed, and an estimated 300 tones may be landed annually. The main game fish is Amur Carp. Black Stork, White Spoonbill and Little Whimbrel are common.
Ancient City Ruins and Historical Remains
There are several historical sightseeing areas in east steppe of Mongolia like: Ruins of Kherlenbars city of Kidan Empire dated to 11 century in bank of Herlen River, Wall route of Chinggis Khan crossing, Ih Burhant complex, created between 1859 and 1864, Stone figures of Tureg period at Shonh tavan tolgoi hill, Stone figures in Hutsuu valley, ruins of Count Savaa, fighter for freedom, artificial mountain, created by the Count Togtohtur of Ilden Hoshuu province, the Utai Tavan Mountains, Turtle rock or Ger rock, recorded in the book of Secret History of Mongolia.
Khalkha Gol river basin area
An undeclared war, known as Khalkh River, was waged in 11th May of 1939 due to the violation of the frontier by 500 Japanese troops and eastern part area of 30 km width and 120 km lenth was turned into the battlefield. There you can see the trails of bomb hitting on lands, russian and mongolian, japanese soldiers' used items such as helmet, bullets and so on...
Also there are a lot of memorial monuments and statues were built by russians and mongols: Monument for 90 cavalries, Monument for 70 tank drivers, Monument for pilots, Statue for Yakovlev general, Monument for general Georgie.K.Jukov, statue for Mongolian border troops, Statue complex for Victory,entrenchment of L.Dandar where he has been confessed his title of Hero of Mongolia and the place where M.Ekey has been awarded with Hero of Mongolia.
Yalalt Museum (Victory Museum) was established in 1984 in the center Khalkh village. On the first floor of the museum there is a hall with an exhibition of war history and a cinema hall. On the third floor there is a hall honorary for war soldiers.
Ikh Burkhant - Buddhist God Figure
Ikh Burkhant complex is an important historical as well as cultural and astronomical sight of Mongolia. The god is placed in the area in 1859-1864 by initiative of Togtochtur, known as To Van throughout Mongolia. To Van, a yound descendent of Chinggis Khan, was re-quilified in astronomy and he could predict that his birthplace - Khalkh River basin area will be conquired by foreign attackers. Therefore, to protect his birthplace, he started the job to stop the future conquire with the help of Buddhism.
To Van and his friends buddhist monks erected Janraisag, a god believed to protect from 8 dangers, was erected horizontally on west bank of the Khalkh River as a symbol of protection of the eastern border and security of territorial integrity. Since that time the area is known as Ikh Burkhant by local people. On a donation of local aristocrats and lamas the 90 feet long /or 30m/ deity was built of stones carried by 1000 ox carts with a work of almost 100 craftsmen. The creation of 12 stupas alongside the god and 2 dictaturing scaring gods of Skeleton Gods- God against Robbing, as well as about 20 small gods surrounding it made the complex so unique and attractive destination.