It was wonderful experience. we had some bad weather, but it gave me the opportunity to spend more time with nomad family and it was a very enriching time. Our guide Tuvshee was joyful and friendly and most importantly a very good cook (in extreme conditions) during tent camping. We want to come back and we will buy a ger to put in our garden!~ Anais Julienne & Bernardo Montufar, France
Mongolia is a diverse land with many beautiful and different places and views to discover, from the capital Ulaanbaatar, to its sweeping natural and cultural wonders. Whether you want to take in some culture or see what Mongolia and Mongols have to offer, you’ll find below the information about the most of Mongolia and maybe, you will add one of those into your Travel Mongolia plan list.
THE PART ONE.
THE MOST from NATURE
The most hottest place in Mongolia is Gobi desert. The Mongolia Gobi measures over 1000 km from west to east and 500 km long from north to south. Much of the Gobi is not sandy but has exposed bare rock, big canyons and cliffs, green valleys and oasises. Mongolian gobi desert is hottest place in Mongolia and it reaches up to 52Cdegrees in summer hottest days in the air and +65C degrees on sand soil surface and in winter it reaches up to -27C degrees in night time. This hottest place is a home for only lizards and snakes of the desert. Archeologists and paleontologists have done excavations in the Gobi Desert which is noted for its fossil and footprints treasures, including early mammals, dinosaurs, pleisosaurs, pterosaurs and prehistoric stone elements, which are some 100,000 years old. Gobi desert is the most popular place for tourism and lots of people visit here and there are lots of things to see and there are many activities to enjoy. The most popular touristy places in Gobi desert is Shar Tsav Cliff, Gobi Gurvan Saikhan National Park, Gobi A and Gobi B National park, Wild Horses National Park and Buddhism Centers in the desert.
The most coldest place in Mongolia is Ikh Nuuruudiin Khotgor – Depression of Great lakes. The depression of great lakes are located in 1300 km from Ulaanbaatar at an altitude of 1035 m above the sea level. The depression inludes more than 300 big and small lakes. The biggest lake in this depression is Khyargas lake and Uvs lake. Khyargas lake is a saltwater lake 75 km long, 31 km wide with a surface area of 1481 км². The average depth is 50 m and 80 m at its deepest. The next big lake is Uvs lake and freshwater lake. Here the temperature in the winter time is extremely cold as usual as -47-49C degrees. The people in this region is very well adaptated in the severe cold condition and they have more ability in the muscle strength and tolerance. The Depression of great lakes is the best place for the safari trips and active tours such as hiking, trekking, biking, motorcycling and horseback riding.
The most highest point in Mongolia is Khuiten Peak of Altai Tavan Bogd Mountain range in Altai Tavan Bogd National Park. It covers 6362 square km space and includes the lakes Khoton, Khurgan and Dayan. The highest peak is called Khuiten – Cold peak and it is 4356 m above sea level. The Altai Tavan Bogd mountain range has sacred 13 peaks with 13 ovoos and the Mountain is worshipped by Mongols 1 time in 4 years. The national park is inhabited by species such as the argali sheep, ibex, red deer, beech marten, moose, snow cock and golden eagle. The biggest petroglyphic complexes is located inside Altai Tavan Bogd National Park and it is registered as the UNESCO Ciltural Heritage site. The World Heritage Site covers three locations with several thousand petroglyphs and Turkic monoliths, including the Tsagaan Salaa valley with over 100,000 cave drawings in 15 km of river valley of Tsagaan Salaa. The Altai Tavan Bogd national park is one of the touristy areas in Mongolia and it is best for the nature exploring trips, hiking and trekking activities, horseback riding, tent camping and flower watching tours.
The most lowest point in Mongolia is Khukh lake – Blue lake in Dornod province in eastern part of Mongolia. It is 21 km2, with an average depth of 7 meters and a large saline lake. The height of the sea is 552 meters above sea level. The Khukh Lake Depression is the lowest point in Mongolia and here it is very humid and hot. This lake nature reserve area has Blue Mountain, which is forbidden to travel and live there for nomads. If someone heads to the mountain, that person can not survive alive and can not come back. There are 2 kinds of guess for man disappearance: snow man lives there and it attacks to nomad man, the second is that the mountain is surrounded by muddy area and quick sands, so people sink in the mud or sands. There are several small lakes and Ugtam National park, which are the paradise and important migration point for birds and you can spot many waders and shore birds here. Here you can have a birdwatching trip, cultural trips and trekking trips.
The most ancient animal, existing in present days in Mongolia is the saiga antelope mongolica. It is critically endangered antelope and written in high rick list of Mongolian red book. The saiga taiga inhabits in Zereg National park, Khovd province in western part of Mongolia. The saiga antelope is appeared 2.5 million years ago of Pleistone period and still today this kind of mammals survive in the steppe of Mongolia. The saiga antelope is the one of the oldest mammals in the world and it did not have so much of evolution and changes in their body since they appeared and they are pastured in Euroasian territory. If you want to see that animal, you need to travel to Khovd province and have a safari trip in Zereg Mankhan National park.
The most ancient plant, existing in present days is Adonis mongolica siminov. The white Adonis flower is the most old and ancient plant in Mongolia and it is appearance dates back to 2 million years ago –Pleistone period. The white adonis is flowering plant of the crowfoot family, ranunculaceae, native to Mongolian north part. The flowers are bright white and very attractive with up to 15 petals. The specy of the Adonis is very rare and not producing any seeds and not reproducted by his own self. It flowers in the mid of May and the blooming lasted for 7 days.
The most ancient animal fossil is dinosaur fossil. Mongolian Gobi desert is keeping the dinosaurs’, pleisosaurs’ and pterosaurs’ fossils dated back to between 200 million and 65 million years ago. Eighty million years ago, during the Cretaceous Period, Mongolia's Gobi Desert area was a dinosaur's paradise of vast valleys, freshwater lakes and a humid climate. Mammal-eating velociraptors, lizard-hipped sauropods and spike-armoured ankylosaurs, vegetarian giant pterosaurs could have been spotted roaming in what are now the Martian red sandstone spires of Bayanzag's Flaming Cliffs and yellowish sand soil of Nemegt valleys. These prehistorically favourable conditions make the Gobi Desert the largest dinosaur fossil reservoir in the world and in other side the gobi desert is called as the cemetery of the dinosaurs or natural rich museum. Not just simple cemetery, it is also keeping the nests with eggs of ancient animals. Over almost 100 years of palaeontological research in the Gobi, more than 80 genera have been found. But for many people living there, this scientific heritage remains unknown. There is a valley of Shar tsav and Suikhent valleys in east part of Gobi, which is the richest places in the mowrld with it’s trails of dinosaurs. There more than 18000 footprints of app. 6-7 species’ dinosaurs are kept now and the Shar tsav area is open and welcome tourists in summer time. The Gobi desert and dinosaur fossil reservoir area is the best place for the tourism and year by year the travelers numbers are increasing pretty.
The most tolerant animal is a scorpion in Gobi desert. Our globe was formed 5 billions years ago and the animals were formed 600 millions years ago. The scorpion is the one of the ancient animals and the most tolerant animal in the world. The yellow small scorpion (6 centimetres - 2.4 in) long) is inhabiting in Mongolian Gobi desert, which is warm and dry area with little vegetation. The desert yellow scorpion overpassed the 5 big severe ages: water ages, fire ages, ice ages and all big and small animals on our globe became extinct during these ages. Only the yellow scorpion could have been re-formed again and exists until today. The yellow scorpion has a poison in his tail and he used it for toher animals and also for himself for making suicide when he could not live or behave properly for himself or for his family. That is why the Buddhist monks use this yellow scorpion as a symbol of honesty and tolerance. For many centuries traditional Mongolian medical doctors use it’s tail to treat various neuronal problems, such as chronic pain, paralysis, apoplexy and epilepsy.
The most beautiful water flower in Mongolia is White lotus – white water lily or white water rose. The scientific name is nymphaea alba mongolica and it is Asian aquatic flowering plant. The White water lily is endangered specy in Mongolia and it is listed in Mongolian red book. The white lotus grows in lakes in depression of Darkhad valley and of Ikh Nuuruudiin Khotgor – depression of great lakes. It grows in water that is 30–150 cm (12–59 in) deep and likes large ponds and lakes. The leaves can be up to 30 cm (12 in) in diameter and take up a spread of 150 cm (59 in) per plant. The white lotus flowers in green algal water lakes in the north and western part, which are the far remote part of Mongolia. It’s beautiful bright white flowers bloom from a dirty green water and makes the lake and the landscape the amazing. So in Buddhism the white lotus flower is the symbol of purity in the soul. The best season to see the blooming of this beautiful water lilies are the mid of the June. Travelers and flower lovers can travel to Khuvsgul province or Khovd province to watch and photograph the beautiful water lilies.
The most beautiful flower of dry land in Mongolia is white peony. It is scientifically known as Paeonia lactiflora is a species of herbaceous perennial flowering plant in the Peony family Paeoniaceae. The white peony trees bloom after 20 of June and it makes the Mongolian dry land more beautiful. It grows about 50–70 cm (20–28 in) tall and broad with thickened (1.3 cm diameter), the flower blooming size is 15-20 sm- 8-15 inch wide and it is appreciated as an ornamental and present flowers specially to buddhist gods and sacred items. It has been used in traditional Mongolian medicine to treat digestive and intestinal problems, relieving pain, strengthening bones and heart health.
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