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The tour was awesome. I couldn;t be asked for better. Awesome tour. guide who was knowledgeable about all the tour sites. Driver was very friendly and warming. The city tour was great especially the cultural performance. I would recommend Blue Mongolia to all.

~ Kou Yang, USA


Blog | published: 2020-12-24

TOP TEN ADVENTURES in Nature and Culture – Nature and Culture Adventure Holidays

You will feel a connection to the country after hiking its hills, walking through its forests and meeting the people and animals who live there. Adventure can be anything from trying a new local food to abseiling down a dramatic cliff face, so adventure vacations can cater to daredevils of all varieties.

The best adventure holiday for families and couples, who are nature lovers, is a Wildlife Conservation journey. This is the ultimate adventure for those with an affinity for endangered species of wildlife. Blue Mongolia tour office mentions the top 5 wildlife nature conservation discovery holidays and the top 5 culture discovery tours.

Wild Horses Conservation Discovery Tour

Khustain Nuruu Mountain range National park is not only a remarkable piece of geography, it’s home to steppe and low rolling hills wildlife. Visiting to Khustain Nuruu park presents a rare opportunity for discovering the most rare specy of the horse – Takhi- Asian wild horse, which are grazing on their own selves as wild until today. The 3 days trip in Khustain Nuruu park is includes meeting with ranger of the national park, travel with ranger together to discover the herds of wild horses, which had the many of foals, visiting to ranger’s ger- yurt, visiting to Ongot tomb with man statues, dated back to 7 centuries, the visiting to the location where biologists try to protect Mongolian bats and wild cats. You will try to find and explore the wild horses herds, wild cats, herd of deers, mountain wild sheeps and bats. In 2002, the Man and the Biosphere Reserves organization of UNESCO certified the HNP as a member of the world biosphere network of natural reserves.    

Snow Leopard Conservation Discovery Travel

Mongolia is home to the second largest population of snow leopards in the world, second only to China. There are only between 4,500 and 7,000 of them left in the world, usually hiding and hunting in remote mountain regions of Asia. Mongolia has the second largest population in the world, after China, estimated at between 1,000 and 1,200. Mongolian Snow Leopard Conservation non-governmental organization have biologists, who work in the protected areas:  The Great Gobi and the Gobi Gurvansaikhan National Park, Altai Mountain range and Altai Mt.National parks and Nature Reserve areas, Sayan Mt ranges. The The resulting landscape  from Great Gobi park to the Gobi Gurvansaikhan National Park is one of the world’s largest continuous protected snow leopard habitats.

Blue Mongolia’s snow leopard adventure trip is dedicated for whose, who seek wild and ultimate photographic adventure to capture the elusive snow leopard and iconic mammals in their habitat mountains area. Our Snow Leopard Conservation Discovery travel is generally 12-15 days long and it charged specially 300$ as extra as a donation for the Snow Leopard Conservation Fund. The Snow Leopard discovery trips should be booked 1 whole year before the travel arranged. Mainly it is arranged between 1,February and 20,April in spring season or between 10,October and 30,November in the fall season. Our travel is conducted by the professional biologist and snow leopard study researchers. These biologist guides will speak in English and help you to be in insights into the ecology and behavior of these endangered cats and as well as what kinds of threats are faced with snow leopards: poaching for trade in hides or bones, retribution killing for livestock loss, mining interests in habitat areas and so on.. . The travel is held by biologists, who knows the leopards very well and their sensation and information that where snow leopards may be habitating just now, is much better effortful for the result of our adventure discovery trip.   

Your guide and driver will pick you up at the location you confirmed with us in advance and take you into the Chinggis Khan airport to fly to Umnugobi or Khovs or Ulgii destinations. Our local guide and biologist will pick you up at the local airport and your travel begins as heading into the mountains with snow leopards. When you arrive in mountains, you will be stayed in the local family, who’s host is the mountain or park ranger or a conservation volunteer family. The whole group is ready now for discovery travel. In the morning of the next day, you will be driven or horseback trekked or walk deep into the high mountains to discover the snow leopard. You will take daily trekking around the highest chances of sightings, where our previous clients completed their wish successfully with the highlighted of the snow leopard hunting for argali- mountain wild sheep. Our 3 main destinations: Tost and Toson Bumbiin Nuruu National park in Umnugobi Province, Jargalant Mountain in Khovd Province, and the Most Mt. These 3 destinations are the homes of the largest population of snow leopards.

This adventure trip gives a nice chance to photograph other wild animals such as Siberian ibex- mountain wild goats, wolves, argali- mountain wild sheep, gazelles, fox, eagles and other wild animals. In spring or fall, it is little bit cold -10-15C degrees in day time and chilly in mountains. If it is a cloudy day, it is very cold -20-25C degrees, so we recommend our clients to bring their warm winter clothes and dressed properly. Warming and hot lunch is served during the treks, when we need to trek longer distance. Our guide and ranger goes always in front and spy where snow leopards are heading and what they are doing now. Healthy warm meals, hot drinks, and all we need to have in the cold weather will be provided by our chef. The trip is arranged in the isolated mountains with up to 3800 meters above sea level and the diversity of habitats here include high mountain tundra, alpine meadows and high mountain steppe to arid steppe. This snow leopard trip is the best adventure nice chance to see the wild and rare wildlife and as well as the rich nomadic culture and hospitality of Mongols.

Gobi Desert Bear –Mazaalai Conservation Discovery Travel

The Great Gobi A Strictly Protected Area is a nature reserve host to many species that are under extreme threat, and an important location for study and wildlife conservation travels. This is a low-density location for desert bear, and biologists and researchers set up trap cameras in the area hoping to see the bears make a few appearances. Though desert bears eluded our cameras, biologists were delighted to see images of the critically endangered Gobi Bear and Wild Bactrian Camel! This reserve is an important bastion for both species (and possibly the last for the Gobi Bear), and the expansion and regulation of such protected areas is crucial to their survival. Today the park has only up to 25 desert bears. Year by year Mongolian biologists need to conserve this animal and if possible to increase the number of population. It is important to remember that our conservation travel efforts can ultimately affect many species, habitats of Gobi desert bear- Mazaalai.

An adventure vacation discovering the Gobi desert endangered bear may seem too good to be true,and the most rare travel on the world! Blue Mongolia’s Mazaalai adventure trip is dedicated for whose, who seek wild and ultimate photographic adventure to capture the rarest bear mazaalai and other iconic mammals in their habitat mountains area. Travelers will discover a one of bears in a big national park with 400 km long and 500 km wide territory.

Our Mazaalai Conservation Discovery travel is generally 10-14 days long and it charged specially 300$ as extra as a donation for the Mazaalai Bear Conservation Fund. The Mazaalai discovery trips should be booked 1 whole year before the travel arranged. Mainly it is arranged between 15,April and 1,June in spring. Our travel is conducted by the professional biologist and Mazaalia researchers. These biologist guides will speak in English and help you to be in insights into the ecology and behavior of these endangered bears and as well as what kinds of threats are faced with gobi bears. The travel is held by biologists, who knows the bears very well and their sensation and information that where bears may be habitating just now, is much better effortful for the result of our adventure discovery trip.  

Wild Camel – Khavtgai Conservation Discovery Travel

Based on Gobi Desert Strictly Protected area, travelers contribute to a range of tasks to aid the prospects of local wild camels and desert bears. Despite being viewed as remarkable creatures by large parts of the world, desert wild camels and bears are still endangered in Mongolia. Wild camel’s population is only up to 800, who live only in Mongolia. Travelers will discover some of camels in a big national park with 400 km long and 550 km wide territory.

Travelers can get away from city life, into nature and live the good, simple life of travelers – in tent. The national park is almost empty, no many tourists, maybe you can see only 1-2 times meeting with biologists group within 10 days. Gobi desert A National park is a is a fantastic place for an adventure, which is seeking the wild animals such as wild camels, desert bear, desert wild cat and desert wolves. It has stunning natural landscapes from sand dunes to valleys with no vegetation.

It is full of character and natural beauty of the desert zone, with low hills, rocky hills, canyons, cliffs and volcanoes, and as well as mirages. Adventure travelers can also soak up the horse herders’ culture and their lifestyle, which are minimalist and very reasonable.  Also some cultural and religious places are there, too. As well that, Zahui Zarmangiin Gobi part is home to many top-rated plantations for the rare species of floras: wild sand berry plantation, wild desert poplar tree plantations and so on…  

Wild Cat Conservation Tour

The Pallas cat (Otocolobus manul), also called manuul in Mongolian language, is a small wild cat native to the low rocky hills, grasslands and shrublands in Mongolia. We call it a cat of prairie. It is negatively affected by habitat degradation, prey base decline and hunting. It was first described in 1776 by the German naturalist Peter Simon Pallas.

If you are a cat lover, you can have a nice chance to join with our wild cat tour for discovering the wild cats of Mongolia. The Wild cats live in central part of Mongolia and in low rocky hills and mountains ranges. The main big population is Khustain Nuruu National park, Baga Gazriin Chuluu Nature Reserve area and South gobi desert rocky hills. This is a unique opportunity to get close to some amazing wild cats as well as other unique creatures, and learn about their struggle to survive in the wild. You will be taken into the habitats of the Central Asian wild cats, and where, for safety reasons, this is not possible, a walkway will give you opportunity to see and photograph the wild cats whilst your guide explains interesting information about the species and their role in promoting biodiversity. The Wild cat conservation travel lasts 4-6 days up to 10 days, it is arranged with professional biologist guide & cat researchers.

This program includes a visit pass our Conservation Group where you have the opportunity to learn more about the more conservation works that Blue Mongolia travel team is involved with and a window into the Wildlife Conservation Donation Travels that we do. From two comfortable ger camps, rented from local families, you will explore hugely contrasting landscapes.  

In addition to Pallas’s wild cat, you may see a host of exciting mammals including wild horses, Asiatic ibex, argali, Mongolian gazelle, goitred gazelle, saiga antelope, tarbagan marmot, long-tailed suslik, Siberian jerboa, Pallas’s pika, tolai hare, corsac fox and steppe polecat.

Top 5 Sport and Culture Adventure Holidays

Dog sledding winter adventure

The traditional breed of Mongolian dog (bankhar) has always played an important part of the way of life in rural Mongolia, but their role was one of protection of the nomad family. However, although dog sledding is not a native sport to Mongolia and huskies are not a native breed, it is a combination that provides an incredible adventure in the heart of the Mongolian winter. The thrilling experience during the wintertime in Mongolia is Dog sledding. You will have a chance to slide on the snowy Mongolian land with its frozen rivers and lakes at the back of a sled pulled by Alaskans and Greenland dogs. The real adventure is fashionable and overused in the tourism industry but this really is a true adventure – enjoying the dog sledding, as well as meeting herding Mongol families that make their home in the area, the feeling of freedom. And you will be deeply affected by the solitude and space.

Blue Mongolia travel team offers you the chance to take dog sledding tours for 1-2 hours or a half day, or up to 7 days sledding trip in Khan Khentii National park. The Dog sledding trips starts from 1,December until 20,February annually in mainly un Gorkhi-Terelj National Park, just 60 km in the east of Ulaanbaatar. God sledding is a kind of a challenge and much fun on other side. All the dogs love to run. You will love to enjoy the sledding on ice of Tuul and Terelj rivers. This trip isan outdoor journey, which doesn’t require any physical fitness, but just an eagerness for adventure, where the choice is given to you to take care of your hounds, feed them, put the harness and prepare the equipment. Our musher Tovshinjargal will lead you and his other assistants will help you to take this sledding travel. They had more than 10 years experience and they will have trained more than 100 haskies dogs. Approximately 8-12 dogs will be used for a one sled team and that is enough for taking nice speed and long distance traveling in a day. You will have sledding in the day time and also an opportunity to meet with the nomads and relax in a warm yurt at nighttime. In the evening you will enjoy the traditional Mongolian meal at the yurt.  At the end of each day there’s the option for helping out with the upkeep of the dogs (feeding time!) and this gives a different perspective as you learn a little about the care given to your remarkable and loyal team of dogs. 

When you’re looking to embrace a new way of travel then really do consider dog sledding in Mongolia, you need to pack your thermals (we provide a detailed packing list) and come to Mongolia.

Safari Travels in Gobi desert area

For those who enjoy breath-taking landscapes of the steppe, traditional ways of life and stories of well-preserved fossils of dinosaurs, is the place of Gobi Desert for your next travel list. Southern Mongolia is home to five spectacular national parks, for example the Three Beauties of Gobi Park, Gobi A park and Gobi B park and some of Biosphere Reserve Areas. Three Beauties of Gobi desert park’s amazing natural formations are not to be missed, especially the Khongor Sand dunes and red sandy cliff Bayanzag and Khermen Tsav canyon.

In the heart of Gobi Desert lies the Bayanzag Flaming Cliff, Nemegt Valley, Khermen Tsave Canyons, the graveyard of ancient animals: dinosaurs, pterosaurs and mammals. Besides that there are Suikhent valley and Shar Tsav area, where are more than 18 thousands of dinosaurs’ footprints and tracks.

If you want to discover the gobi desert from east to west through all the way and enjoy the 33 different landscapes of the red desert, it will take 115-21 days safari trip will be completed. If you want to see the only the highlighted parts of the Gobi desert for just for 3-4 days, it is also possible to be arranged.

The Gobi Desert is famed for its striking wildlife, with some modern species now extremely rare. A few examples include: Dinosaurs fossils and footprints, which are first discovered by the American Museum of Natural History in the 1922-1925, have shed new light on the process of evolution. Fossilized dinosaur nests and eggs, for instance, have yielded new insight into how those reptiles nurtured and reared their young. Other fossils have pointed to the evolutionary linkage between dinosaurs and birds.

During the safari trip in Gobi desert national parks, you will discover the desert wildlife and vegetations: wild camels, wild horses, the central Asian viper - snow leopards, jerboa, desert bear- mazaalai, desert wild cats, snakes, scorpions, different types of spiders, wolves, gazelles, antelopes, bactrain camels- domesticated camels by mongol nomad people, foxes and other typical mammals.

Gobi Desert plants offer a different set of wonders. For one example, the fruit and maple trees of the Gobi hills Range are remnant species of a deciduous forest that flourished in the region during the Tertiary, a geologic period that lasted from about 65 to some 2 million years ago. In another example, the saxaul, a bush-like tree that grows in all of the Gobi's ecoregions, has bark that holds moisture, making it an important water source for nomads crossing the desert, and it has roots that host a parasitic plant that local medical practitioners utilize as an energy source.

In the gobi desert you will see the rock paintings dated back to 5000BC and some back to 13 century- Chinggis Khan time, then you drive and step over the ancient men’s – neolith period settling areas. Its soils hold fragments of the stone weapons and tools of hunting and gathering nomads of a 100,000 years ago.  Its desert surface hosted parts of the fabled Silk Road, a 4000-mile-long braid work of trade routes that connected Asia and Europe for three millennia. You will explore the ancient Silk road trails. Silk Road communities -- some visited by the Venetian explorer Marco Polo during his 13th century travels -- witnessed the flow of luxury trade goods such as fabrics (especially silk), spices, medicines, perfumes, glassware, jewels and slaves.

Traveling the Gobi Desert -- possibly by jeep or even camel caravan, preferably in the early or late summer -- you can explore dramatic rocky landscapes, towering dunes, Silk Road segments, ancient oasis communities and monumental ruins.

Visiting to horse breeder’s home - Ger

The hospitality you’ll experience is as nourishing as the Mongolian cuisine, and active travelers are able to discover a great deal about the culture and people in Mongolia. Mongolia boasts more than 9 million horses, an equine population which almost triples the country's human population. The Mongols are not imagine-able without his horse. Undeniably, Mongols have a reputation for being the greatest horsemen on earth. Children in the countryside learn to ride a horse when they are 3 to 5 years old and start racing from 6 to 12.

Blue Mongolia Travel staff will offer you the chance to visit to horse breeder family ger in the prairie. It is reasonable to accept the staff recommendation and interested in visiting Mongolian family this is the perfect match. If you are on short of time, you have to drive for about 1-2 hours outside of Ulaanbaatar to visit to nearest horse breeder family. When you enter the herding family ger, you need to greet first of all host man. In Mongolian language Sain baina uu means Hello. You will be warmly welcomed by Mongolian horse boy family who is herding the livestock for generation after generation. You should sit close to the door, on the left.  Welcoming and serving their guests at the best is the unwritten law of the steppe in Mongolia. If you are visiting in summer time, the guests will be offered with the best typical national drinks: airag- fermented milk of mares, or tea with milk, or the yogurt from cow milk. If you have some enough time, you can taste the Mongolian traditional meal for the lunch and you can see how this meal is prepared.

After served with meals, now you can have a time to observe the inside of Ger – the national dwelling. This is a round felt-covered tent with a single room in which the horse herding family lives, eats and sleeps for a whole year around. It is made from a wooden latticed wall and poled roof with a central stove for warmth and cooking. The interior design is simple, but it is colorful with nature colors and some embroyderies.  

Having a conversation with nomad family is very interesting. They are very curios, kind and happy to talk to you. Most family members will be interested in your country, life, age, your family, work and hobby and it is much fun to share the information, what you both parties have. The most typical question from tourists is: How many horses do you have? Their reply is as simple as like following: just around 5 herds! They will never say you the exact numbers of their horses. The Mongols have mentality to avoid from mentioning exact numbers and exact time and definite hours.  When you want to take pictures of the family members or pictures together with family,  It is advised to ask permission.

Naadam - Horsemen’s Sport Festival

Naadam festival is one of the most lively, atmospheric events held anywhere in Mongolia between 11 and 13,July annually. An annual celebration held across Mongolia, it represents the Mongols’ happiness and peace, that makes the country come alive with dance, music and national sports: horse racing, archery shooting, wrestling and anklebone flicking.

Roughly 3 million people dressed in national fancy costumes and pack the city streets and stadium and race field areas with walking and enjoying the sport games tournaments. It allows travelers to mingle with Mongolians and observe the authentic traditional culture.

The wrestling tournaments will give you some information about what is the mentality of power. The Mongolian wrestling has no category of weight, height, age, time and job. Even 18 years old big tough body guy can fight with a small old man in age of 65. Any Mongolian man can participate in this wrestling competition, if they want. Only who has well fitted body and powerful muscle, high speed, in addition who has much of wrestling technics and the super sense on incoming movements. It means many of well-trained abilities make the super wrestler in Mongolia.

The Horse racing tournaments will be much of the enjoyable for the travelers. I can bet you that you never see the longest race before coming to Mongolia. The Mongolian horse race distance is amazing and it makes your jaw dropped. Foals race for 15 km distance, but the stallions run for 35 km-s. The Mongolian style of horse racing is the unique and only fit for Mongolian steppe horses. Because they are very tolerant on running for the long distance; and spiritually, the horse is animal with symbol of unyielding and much power- energy. Besides that, the horse trainer has very good knowledge and sense to train his horses to prepare for this long distance race and sorting our what kinds of food and grasses need to be eaten by his horse, what kind of water and how much of water should be drank in which time of the day, how long the horses need to stay in the sun or in shadow for keeping high speed and so on.. It is kind of the talking to their horses and feeling his own horses and make them to run as fast as possible. It is a big job and lots of experiences are required from racehorse owners. Mongols never put bet for the racing horses. The Horse race is kind of pure sport, which makes people happy to see the lovely racing horses and their high speed, their tolerance.

Archery shooting is also one of the interesting sport to watch and feel the accuracy of the Mongolian archers. Typically over 300 archers compete in the archery tournaments and they shoot the small brown and red leather cylinders stacked in two or three rows on the ground from  30-90 meters. The score is given only if a hasaa - cylinder moves at least eight centimetres from its original location – the width of one hasaa. So long as it moves the requisite distance, hitting any hasaa is equally scored ‘1’. There are no special high-score hasaas. The interesting things in the archery shooting is the body language of the judges. The judges at the targets will use body language to convey technical information to the shooting archers. In the case of a successful hit, the archers will raise their hands with the palms up and shout ‘uukhai’ which means a point is counted. When the arrow flies over a target, the archers will make a sliding movement with their hands (with the palms down) over the targets, thereby showing the archer how high the arrow sailed over the hasaa. Watching this body language, the archer calculates their next shot.

Eagle festival in west of Mongolia

The Eagle festival is an interesting event and adventurous trip is waiting behind this festival. Golden Eagle festival is held in first week of October at Ulgii town of Bayan-Ulgii province, which is 1900 km distance in one way. For eagle lovers, photographers and adventure seekers, culture travelers this trip is the most suitable one. It is a festival to demonstrate the culture of the kazakhs and central asians to the world.

The festival lasts 2-3 days and the most events and activities are done outdoor. The Eagle festival includes eagle introduction, eagle hunters marche, eagle hunting tournaments, traditional game for fighting the fur on the horseback, some local culture’s presentation and folk art concerts and so on.. After attending the festival, we provide excellent tour services to the local eagle hunters families in order to focus on the culture related to eagle, history, daily lifestyle of local people.  

Narrated by Blue Mongolia team. 



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